February 24, 2024
London, UK

How Markets Performed in 2023

How Markets Performed in 2023

Global markets experienced a strong rebound in 2023, after a turbulent 2022. The broad benchmark for US stocks, S&P 500, soared by nearly 25%, while the technology-heavy Nasdaq Composite index surged by over 45%. This impressive performance was driven by:

  1. Easing Inflation: After reaching a peak of 9.1% in June 2022, annual inflation rates gradually declined throughout 2023, easing concerns about the FED‘s aggressive rate-hiking measures.
  2. Rate cut expectations: Analysts and investors expect central banks to start aggressive rate cuts. Many expect over 154 rate cuts across the globe.
  3. Emerging Growth: Tech giants like Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Meta (META), Google (GOOGL), Nvidia (NVDA), and Tesla (TSLA), known as the “Magnificent Seven,” led the stock market rally. These corporations continued to innovate and expand their growth, attracting investors despite ongoing economic uncertainties.
  4. Optimism for 2024: Market participants grew more confident that the worst of the economic slowdown had passed, anticipating a recovery in 2024.
  5. Strong Earnings: Corporate earnings remained resilient, providing further support for stock prices.
  6. Resilient Consumer: Despite inflationary pressures, consumer spending held up relatively well, driven by strong job growth and pent-up demand from the covid pandemic. This consumption strength provided a boost to the economy.

The stock market rally extended beyond the US, with major indices in Europe, Asia, and other emerging markets also posting strong gains. This widespread rally reflected optimism among investors about the global economic outlook.

However, geopolitical tensions, high inflation, and potential economic disruptions could pose challenges for markets in the future.

Overall, 2023 witnessed a remarkable turnaround for global equities, crypto and commodities markets, offering a glimmer of hope amidst lingering economic uncertainties. The investor confidence is gradually returning, as we approach an interest rate easing cycle.

Dow Jones and S&P 500 both ended the year with strong gains, 13.5% and +24.23% respectively. The Nasdaq Composite finished +43.43% higher.

Apple (AAPL) stocks finished 48.18% higher. Tesla (TSLA) added 101.72%. Nvidia (NVDA) was the outperformer adding more than 238.87%. Meta (META) ended with gains of 194.93%. Amazon (AMZN) finished 80.88% higher in 2023. Netflix (NFLX) was 65.11% higher.

European stocks also finished the year higher. The FTSE 100 Index lagged and finished 3.78% higher. Dax index added 20.31% higher, while the France CAC 40 index ended with 16.52% gains. In Spain, IBEX 35 Index was 22.76% higher and in Milan the FTSE MIB Index finished 25.64% higher.

In Asia, the Nikkei 225 Index gained 28.24%, the Hang Seng index was one of the worst performers with losses of -15.14% while the Shanghai Composite index ended also in negative territory with losses of -4.11%. FTSE Straits Times Index finished 2023 -0.67% lower. In Bombay, India the S&P BSE Sensex Index ended 17.12% higher.

Commodities Markets Performance

Commodity markets experienced a mixed performance in 2023, with some sectors experiencing significant losses while others managed to hold their ground or even post gains. The World Bank commodity price index dropped by 21% in 2023.

Brent crude oil prices fell by 4.55%, WTI Oil dropped by 5.78%, natural gas prices fell by 28.53%, and coal prices fell by 63.78%.

Gold registered strong gains of 12.74% amid geopolitical turmoil and easing inflation rates, silver price added 0.13% while platinum finished 2023, 8.78% lower.

Agricultural commodities also experienced a decline in prices in 2023. The prices of corn, wheat, and soybeans all fell by double-digit percentages. Corn was -29.79% and Wheat was 20.71% lower. Cocoa and Orange Juice were among the best performers with gains of 61.38% and 56.49% respectively.

Forex Markets Performance

The forex markets experienced a volatile year in 2023, mirroring the broader economic and geopolitical uncertainties. Japanese Yen (USDJPY) was among the worst performers while the British Pound (GBPUSD) had an impressive year against the US Dollar. Interest rate cuts by the Fed in 2024 puts extra pressure on the USD (DXY).

Cryptocurrency Markets Performance

The crypto markets registered a remarkable rebound in 2023, recovering from the volatile 2022 and reaching almost new heights. The overall crypto market capitalization reached $1.5 trillion by the end of 2023, reflecting a growing adoption and rising institutional interest in hopes of an ETF approval by the SEC. Bitcoin (BTC) jumped by 170%, Ethereum finished 97% higher, Cardano was 149% higher, Ripple was 84% higher. Litecoin was a disappointment with marginal losses of -0.24%. Monero ended 16% higher and Solana jumped by 770%.

Markets Performance in 2023:

Dow Jones +13.50%

S&P 500 +24.23%

Nasdaq Comp +43.33%

FTSE 100 +3.78%

DAX +20.31%

CAC 40 +16.52%

FTSE MIB +22.64%

IBEX 35 +22.76%

NIKKEI 225 +28.24%

Hang Seng -15.14%

Shanghai Composite Index -4.11%

FTSE Straits Times -0.67%

Sensex +17.12%

Commodities Performance in 2023

Brent crude oil -4.55%

WTI Oil -5.78%

Natural Gas -28.53%

Gold +12.74%

Silver +0.13%

Corn -29.79%

Wheat -20.71%

Cocoa +61.38

Orange Juice +56.49

Forex Performance in 2023

DXY -2.91%

EURUSD +4.59%

USDJPY +8.07%

AUDUSD +1.34%

USDCAD -3.10%

USDMXN -12.77%

USDTRY +58.76%

USDRUB +23.58%

Cryptocurrencies Performance in 2023

Bitcoin +170%

Ethereum +97%

Cardano +149%

XRP +84%

Litecoin -0.24%

Monero +16%

Solana +770%

Check also How Markets Performed in 2022

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